Brain Injuries


A traumatic brain injury (TBI) is an injury to the brain caused by an external force after birth. Common causes of a traumatic brain injury include gunshot wounds, motor vehicle crashes, assaults, or falling and striking your head.

An acquired brain injury (ABI) includes all types of traumatic brain injuries and also brain injuries caused after birth by cerebral vascular accidents (commonly known as stroke), loss of oxygen to the brain or infections in the brain.

Some important items to consider about brain injury treatment are:

  • A key step for a positive recovery are rehabilitation services
  • Active participation in decision-making and monitoring of service delivery
  • Learning about recommended treatments and available services to meet specific needs
  • Negotiating with insurance companies to make sure that a person has access to the types, intensity and duration of services needed.
  • A combination of inpatient, sub-acute, community and outpatient rehabilitation services may be necessary.

Brain Injury Association of Maryland (BIAMD)

The Brain Injury Association of Maryland (BIAMD) is a chartered state affiliate of the Brain Injury Association of America. It advances brain injury prevention, research, treatment, and education to improve the quality of life for all people affected by brain injury. BIAMD is dedicated to increasing access to quality healthcare and raising awareness and understanding of brain injury.

  • Maryland Brain Injury Connection Center – 1.800.221.6443 – BIAMD’s Clinical Resource Staff provides free information and assistance to Marylanders with brain injuries and those who care for them.
  • Transitional Coordination and Case Management for Maryland’s TBI Waiver program – BIAMD’s staff works closely with Medicaid and TBI waiver providers to enroll eligible Marylanders into the TBI waiver program, which allows individuals to live in the community while still receiving all their necessary services.
  • Outreach and Education – BIAMD’s Outreach staff are at health fairs, employee fairs, military reintegrations, and provider meetings throughout Maryland. BIAMD annually hosts a two-day statewide conference in Maryland to discuss issues and treatments related to brain injury.
  • Advocacy and Promotion of Research – BIAMD helps promote the issues of individuals and families dealing with brain injury and works with policymakers, state agencies, hospital systems, and university researchers conducting scientific research into the prevention, treatment, and management of brain injury.

Related Links

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