Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias

Alzheimer's and dementia are not a normal part of aging. Dementia is a general term for a decline in mental ability, such as memory loss, that is severe enough to interfere with daily life. Alzheimer's is the most common type of dementia. Usually symptoms, such as problems with memory, thinking and behavior, develop slowly and get worse over time.

Other types of Dementia include:

  • Mild cognitive impairment.
  • Vascular dementia (which often occurs after a stroke).
  • Dementia with Lewy bodies.
  • Traumatic brain injury.
  • Parkinson’s disease.
  • Frontotemporal Dementia.
  • Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (mad cow dementia).
  • Normal pressure hydrocephalus.
  • Huntington's disease.
  • Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome (often caused by alcoholism).
  • Mixed dementia.

The ten warning signs of Alzheimer's disease

  1. Memory loss that disrupts daily life.
  2. Challenges in planning or solving problems.
  3. Difficulty completing familiar tasks at home, at work or at leisure.
  4. Confusion with time or place.
  5. Trouble understanding visual images and spatial relationships.
  6. New problems with words in speaking or writing.
  7. Misplacing things and losing the ability to retrace steps.
  8. Decreased or poor judgment.
  9. Withdrawal from work or social activities.
  10. Changes in mood and personality.

Alzheimer's Association

The Alzheimer’s Association provides a broad range of programs and services for people living with the disease, their families and caregivers, and professional care providers.

The Alzheimer’s Association provides:

  • 24/7 Helpline 800-272-3900
  • 75+ support groups for caregivers and people with dementia;
  • Care Consultation, provides more in-depth support such as problem solving and planning for the future
  • Early Stage programs such as Memory Cafes and creative classes designed to support individuals with early-stage memory loss
  • MedicAlert + Safe Return, which is a 24-hour nationwide emergency response service for persons who wander
  • Public education programs are available statewide
  • Conferences and seminars.

All association services are available free of charge (except conferences and seminars).

Related Links

Maryland Access Point (MAP) staff are available to help you explore your options to meet your current needs or create a plan for the future.